Dr. Tal Lewinger Dental NewsDr. Tal Lewinger is a general dentist and owner of Marketplace Dentistry in Vaughan, Ontario practising eco-responsible (and fun) family and cosmetic dentistry and

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5 Most Widespread Dental Diseases and Problems

Tal Lewinger - Friday, July 28, 2017

There are times when we might feel that brushing our teeth is a chore, but do you know why it’s one of the most important parts of our oral hygiene? Taking care of our oral hygiene not only keeps our teeth in a healthy shape, but also prevents bad breath and a myriad of diseases that will affect our lives adversely.Here is a list with 5 of the most common dental problems:


  • 1.Tooth Decay

Also known as caries, or cavities, is a degradation of teeth either due to the work of bacteria that break the hard tissues of the teeth or because of the acid that is made from food debris. The primary food of bacteria is sugar and is also their main source of energy; this means that having a diet high in sugar is a risk factor. The early symptoms of dental caries are pain and difficulty with eating. It is believed that almost all adults have suffered from dental caries at some point in their lives, and is a common problem for both children and adults in recent years.


  • 2.Gingivitis

The gingivitis is a dental disease generally caused by bacteria that produce inflammation and bleeding of gum tissue. Its most common cause is the buildup of a bacterial biofilms formed in teeth surfaces. Swollen and bright red gums are early symptoms of this disease.


  • 3.Periodontitis

Also known as gum disease, is a group of inflammatory diseases that affect the tissues around the teeth. Periodontitis is caused by microorganism. This disease can cause the degradation of the alveolar bone that surrounds the teeth and can lead to loos of teeth. Its main causes are poor oral hygiene nutrition and hereditary predisposition. Some Periodontitis’ main symptoms are bleeding of gums while brushing teeth, gum swelling, bad breath, loose teeth and gingival recession.


  • 4.Pulpitis

Pulpitis is the inflammation of dental pulp tissue, which is located in the center of a tooth made up of living tissue and cells. Pulpitis is often caused by untreated caries that reach the pulp, it is generally associated with a bacterial infection but it can also be caused by physical trauma or periodontitis.


  • 5.Mouth Cancer

While not exactly common, mouth cancer is a disease worthy of mention. Mouth cancer can be caused by several factors, such as smoking, consumption of alcohol, hereditary predisposition, HPV (Human Papillomavirus) and other factors. Its symptoms include the swelling of gums, apparition of bumps and spots on areas inside the mouth, mouth bleeding, ear pain, soreness or feeling that something is jammed in the back of the throat, chronic sore throat. Treatment of mouth cancer generally requires the surgical removal of the cancerous growth, followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy.


Ending words

Also, while not a dental problem, not taking care of our dental hygiene can lead to an unattractive smile, it may not be dangerous, but an attractive smile helps with keeping a good self-image. Having a good oral and dental hygiene helps with preventing tooth decay and other mouth diseases and can help us keep our teeth as we get older.


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